THE HISTORY OF BALINESE
BALI AGA (BALINESE ORIGIN)

Many people supposed that the Balinese came from Java, actually the Balinese came from Austronesia ethnic located at Tonkin/South of China.The trade relationship and until now they still used Kepeng money (Coin money which has hollow inside/Chinese coin). The cultural of tall Barong (Barong Landung) which is mean the big and black guy and the women her face like a Chinese. It had proofed that the Balinese as a hard worker, seaman which crossed the wide ocean between Madagaskar East of Africa until Formosa Pacific Ocean, and they are spiritualist and the strong soldier. The older human who occupied the island of Bali is the human who used the handful axe, it also found the kind of axe, handful chisel, etc at Sembiran Singaraja and Tenganan village as evidence. At Pacitan Eastern part of Java had found the same things at 1935, with it result it indicated that the handful axe from Trinil surface in Pleistocen period. Therefore the older human is ethnic Pithecanthropus Erectus. This matter is undoubtedly right after compared with the tools that founded at Peking (Tiongkok) in the Choukoutien caves. In addition its fossil called Sinanthopus Pekinesis. According to the data that the handful axe was one million years before AD when Java & Sumatra still became into one mainland with the name Sunda mainland. This human condition had extinct by the calamity. The humans who inhabit the island of Bali were Papuamelanesoid nation, which formerly inhabit Tonkin area. This human life in the caves this had the founded of the tools, bone, skin and the rest of meals. It founded at 1961 at hilly limestone at Pecatu village Badung located at Selonding cave. The tools also formed like a pin, which were the remains cultural of Mesolithecum period called Abrissous Roche. The data reference by Papuamelanesoid that wide spread out until to the Southern region, behind India, Indonesia and the shaded ocean (lautan teduh). Next period is the new race, this new race nation has a well life in agriculture. The tools had refined from stone that found at all over of Bali such as at Palasari, Kediri, Bantiran, Pulukan, Kerambitan, Payangan, Ubud, Pejeng, Salunglung, Kesiman, Selat, Nusa Penida village etc. Concerned to that matters that the wide spread was need the language as a communication. The language which they were used is Melayu language - Polynesia or more known as Austonesia language. It language also used by the Austonesia nation which Tonkin as the center. This nation came to Bali 2000 years before A.D. In addition, this nation could make the tools from the metal especially the bronze such as: Nekara (kettle drum), tajak (hoe), gelang (bracelet) etc, as supplies of tomb/grave. They have a high skill and already knew the architecture technique. As the evidence, it found the big & tall kettledrum that stored at Penataran Sasih Pejeng temple. Surrounding the area also found human corpse case that made from the hard stone called Sarcophagus. It used only for the honored man while the populace, buried without any stone case. These people life more organized and made a group or law alliance, which they named as Thani or Dusun/orchard. While more wide region/area called as Banwa. They believed in ancestor spirit and always worship their ancestor spirit by made the stone shrine (altar), stone statue, and crown stone as the place they put the offering etc. Their collective alliance lead by the acceptable people that called Jero and the biggest one called Jero Gede. These people and their village until now that village named as Bali Aga especially in tradition. The Alliance and the law still maintained at Trunyan and Tenganan village which as the beginner history of the villagesin Bali. The supporter human that came from Java was the follower of Empu, Rsi, and the Arya (all they are Hindu priest & has high spirituality for the Hindu progress), than later known as Orang Bali Mula/Bali Asli (Original Balinnese). The name of Bali Mula (original Balinese) is to differentiate the society who came from outside Bali and between the society came in advance called Bali Aga people. The differentiation of Bali Aga & Bali Mula people could know from the death ceremony, the burial ceremony of the Bali Aga people is burying while Bali Mula people by cremated (burning the corpse). Now we could differentiate also by the Sugian ceremony, whenever they done the Sugian Bali it means that they are descendants of Bali Aga/Asli and if they done the Sugian Jawa it means that they descendant and came from Java culture. (Sugian Bali is ceremony done at 6 days before the Galungan day while Sugian Jawa is the ceremony which done at 5 days before the Galungan day). Bali Aga follows the Waisnawa sect and the Bali Mula follows the rule of Brahman sect. In that period they worshiped their ancestors with simple manner which they called Hyang (holy) according to Purana & Babad (Hindu manuscript). The vacant faith/animism was found and continue until at 4 centuries after A.D
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